German Pinscher (Deutscher Pinscher) general features, temperament, health

German Pinscher dog breed face

FCI # 184, Origin: Germany, Group 2.1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type.

Height: 16-19 in, Weight: 25-35 pounds

Grooming: Low, Shedding: Medium, Coat: Short, shining.

Color: Black and tan, grey and tan, dark brown and tan, red fawn.

Ease of training: High, Energy level: High, Span of life: 12-14 years.


Breed: Probably, German Pinscher as a breed formed in the region of Wьrttemberg, where he played the role of universal dog: guard at the farm, rodents catcher and sometimes the hunter. However, there is no reliable sources for us to know exactly the origin of this breed.

Dexterity of German Pinschers in catching rats, their stamina, and the ability to run more than a dozen miles, plus the dedication and the exceptionally developed senses, attracted the attention of the owners of diligences and they started to "hire" allot of Pinschers.

By the end of XIV th century, the smart owners of the diligences were using the natural features of Pinschers in full force. This little dog had to run all day long beside the the horses, and at the stops Pinscher was protecting his master's property and catching rats that were disturbing horses in the stables.

Through the centuries, when the animal traction retreated into oblivion, the need in these amazing guards disappeared as well. It is quite possible that we will never know about Pinscher's existence, but by the time their ancestors had enough chance to take their niche in the dog's world and win the hearts of many dog lovers. Thanks to that fanciers now we can enjoy a wonderful fellowship with this representatives of the dog's world - Pinschers.

In principle, at the very beginning of the breed's history nobody required any special exterior of a Pinscher. The most necessary qualities were intelligence and ruggedness, as well as endurance. And in the nineteenth century, Pinscher could be found just anywhere.


German Pinscher dog breeds


Soon the Standard Pinscher became the ancestor of a Miniature Pinscher (or Zwerg-pinscher), which was known already in the middle of XIX century. Later, in 1870, Frederick Doberman in Thuringia created a breed, which is carrying his name.

The second half of the XIX century marks the beginning of purposeful selection. The first dog show in Germany was held in Hanover in 1878 and in 1900 a similar exhibition was organized in Stuttgart.

The first official breed standard of a Pinscher was compiled in 1880 by Richard Strebel. The first Pincher Club was founded in 1895 by Joseph Burt, who also became it's first chairman. He set the task to separate many varieties of Pinschers to the individual breeds.

Thus, were held the dramatic differences between wire-haired and smooth-haired categories of dogs. At this stage the wire-haired Pinschers got a new name - Schnauzer.



General Features: Anatomically Pinscher should consider his universal application. He should not be either heavyweight or reed. Pinscher must look as an athlete. By the way, exactly the combination of athletic proportional body and graceful, elastic movements helps German Pinscher to conquer the show rings.

Pinscher's body is covered with short, thick, shiny hair. The most common colors: red, gray and tan, chocolate and tan, black and tan. The front legs are short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, black and strong. Hind legs are slightly longer than the front legs.


German Pinscher dog breeds photo


Temperament: The hunter's craft requires a strong game-character. Modern Pinschers demonstrate it with the protection of their territory, their home and, of course, their beloved owners, to whom our hero - Pinscher is devoted to oblivion. Despite his relatively small size, he is able to demonstrate such a great power that there will be no two-legged "rodent", who would like to encroach on his property.

And even if some kind of rare brave enough person will require not only a demonstration, be sure that with the command of his owner Pinscher - without any doubt - will let his rather long sugar-white fangs into work.

The vigilance of a Pinscher is amazing, but they are not after long and loud meaningless yapping. Pincher will demonstrate his stiffness only when there is the invasion of the enemy or suspicious person. "Man's job" will be performed perfectly by a Pincher and it does not matter for him, how comfortable his job will be.

Pinscher, keeping in mind the strength of his character, must be trained with great love and affection, but not spoiled as a future "sofa-pinscher", then he will be convenient and very pleasant in the everyday communication.

Pincher is very tough in the service, but as long as his beloved owner is beside, he is transformed before our eyes. Despite his rugged, cheerful character, Pinscher is a very sensitive creature. He is showing different qualities equally: kindness, and humility - on the one hand, flashing temperament and zeal - the other. This combination of strength and nobility, assault and self-discipline makes Pinscher almost an ideal breed.

Pincher is usually very attentive and patient with children. He cares about them an as unbeatable nanny, patiently taking most of their games and jokes.  If there are some other animals living in the same house with Pinscher, they will also be under his constant care. To all the people living next to him Pinscher is able to find a special, individual approach, but anyway first of all he will be always the faithful dog of his beloved owner.



German Pinscher's attachment to his host or hostess is very high. With his high canine intelligence Pinscher can skillfully use the softness of the human heart. He is able to study his owner's character very fast and to understand how to earn his owner's love and affection, playing all sorts of roguish jokes. Moreover, Pinscher himself is enjoying the attention he attracts with his tricks.

The ideal habitat for him is the atmosphere of universal love (when he feels loved and wanted and - from the other side - has enough chances to express his own love and devotion to his people).

Pinscher puppy grows up with a deep sense of devotion to all family members - this explains how difficult they experience the periods of temporary separation from the owners. This is the main reason that a dog of this breed can not be contained in a kennel, away from people. Pincher will be your shadow (of course if you will let him) and, of course, a full member of the family, feeling cozy only if it is convinced that it was he - your Only Happiness. Such a selfless devotion to his master allows Pinscher to literally read his mind.

Some characteristics of this breed are unique: Pinschers are famous for their ability to "smile", just looking in your eyes. In addition, they have the ability to "speak", with a unique to this breed manner. They love adventures in whatever form and whenever it is possible, they will try to take a direct part in them.

Their intelligence and willingness to help at any time deserves the respect of people, even those, who are very far away from dogs in general.

This breed, beside for everything else (home, bed, food) however, requires a daily, prolonged exercises to implement a charge of energy. Outside of the house Pinscher should walk free because of his temperament - seemingly slumbering in the room, it rises to a fever outside. If he had enough activities outside, at home again he will be calm, quiet and inconspicuous. Lively, cheerful, but at the same time, very alert, Pinscher remains the same, even many years later.


Health problems: Generally German Pinscher is a very healthy breed. However, because of the irresponsible breeding, in some lines hip and elbow dysplasia may be an issue.

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