Doberman Pinscher general features, temperament, health

FCI #143, Origin: Germany, Group 2.1. Pinscher & Schnauzer, Molossoid, Swiss Mountain & Cattle, Other Breeds. Pinschers and Schnauzers

Height: 22-29 in, Weight: 60-100 lb

Grooming & Shedding: LOW/MEDIUM, Coat: Short, hard, sleek

Color: black and brown with rust colored markings

Ease of training: HIGH, Energy level: MEDIUM, Span of life: 9-12 years

Breed: Not every breed is honored to be called with the name of it???s creator. Friedrich Louis Dobermann was born in January 2, 1834 in Apolda. It is known that the nature of his activities was connected with collecting taxes and rent. Obviously, the features of his work and a desire to have a "special" breed with certain qualities brought him to the breeding of dogs with smooth, short hair, hardy, intelligent, not afraid of shots, alert and devoted companions, ready to accompany the owner everywhere and to fight for his interests.

It is believed that the purposeful work on the creating of ???his??? breed Mr. Doberman started since 1860.

Unfortunately, there are no records of Doberman???s breeding: it???s directions, the results obtained, used breeds are absent.

One can only assume that the original breeds were: German Pinscher, Rottweiler (butchers dog), some Shepherds, some hunting dogs such as short-haired Pointers, Manchester Terrier, Greyhound. In addition, there were used the mixes of these breeds, if they met the demands for exterior and character, which Mr. Doberman wanted to see in his dogs.

Conceived to embody the ideal of a new breed of dogs, to many experts of the time Mr. Doberman seemed just an arrogant dilettante. However ...

This excellent dogs with the croped ears and tail, bred by Dobermann, quickly gained popularity due to their personal qualities, high security and watchdog instinct and obedience.

Later, in the breeding and selection of Dobermans was involved Otto Haller. Already at 70 th in the city Apolda of Thuringia appeared the certain type of dogs.

An enormous role in the development of the breed was played by the followers of Mr. Doberman, such as Gosvin Tyshler and Otto Heller. They have achieved the official recognition of the Dobermans as a breed. In the city of Apolda there was created the first club of this breed. The breed standard says:

"Doberman is different by his loyalty and courage, he has nerves made of steel, he is alert and courageous. Due to his developed intellect, his innate aggression, wonderful instincts, amazing capacity for work and obedience, he is easy to train. It is equally good home and a service dog."

Doberman is indeed an elegant, noble dog with a well-marked security and investigative qualities. Because of these characteristics, Doberman very quickly gained worldwide recognition and fame. He is valued for the ingenuity, boundless devotion to the owner, the reliability in the protection and fearlessness.

Dobermans for the first time as an independent breed were exhibited in Germany at the Hamburg exhibition in 1863, and in 1876 for them was headed a studbook. Doberman was named at that time "Thuringian Pincher".

In 1894 a breed was called the Doberman Pincher. The world recognized the new name in 1900, and from 1949, the Doberman Pincher became known simply as a Doberman, because the word "Pincher" means - Terrier, and is not relevant to this breed.

In 1960, under this title and N 143 in the International Canine Federation (FCI) breed Doberman was registered as a German.

General Features: Doberman - a strong, brave dog, which has lively temperament and strongly expressed defensive reaction. His movements are light, elastic, and the step is free, sweeping, with a good ejection of the front and hind legs and powerful push.

Doberman limbs should be perfect, because they provide him a great running speed, and particularly - an easy jump. Characteristic of the Doberman's step - gallop.

By the type of constitution Doberman is dry, robust. His has a well-developed bone structure and strong  muscles. The skin should be elastic without any wrinkles and tight everywhere and well pigmented.

Doberman's coat is short, straight, tight, rigid, without undercoat. Color, usually black or brown and tan. Tan spots must be of a rusty-red color and are located on the cheeks and eyebrows, under the throat, chest, on the inner surface of the shoulders and hips and on the paws.

Temperament: Although the nature of the Doberman has undergone a gradual but steady softening in the last few years, nowadays Doberman is still a dog, which requires the exercise of intelligence and does offer good protection for his owner, for his family, home, car and business. Despite the vigorous nature of the Doberman and his high intelligence, many people do not make good owners of this dog, although it is not so difficult comparing to the previous century, when the Doberman had the reputation of the most evil creature moving on four legs! Uneducated public still strongly fears the Doberman Pincher, and oddly enough, that attitude has played a positive role in the development of the breed. But, like a hundred years ago, the Doberman, despite his reputation, today remains one of the ten most popular dog breeds in the United States.

 Reply to this confusion is quite simple. The Doberman has always been extremely loyal to his owner and always had deserved his trust at a much greater extent than most of the other breeds. In addition, Doberman is a dog that is very pleasant and very important part of the family. He requires a close contact with those whom he loves, and when the affection is mutual, there is no better companion, and the Doberman is a natural protector of his owner and his family. He can be trusted by the kids of the owner, his friends and even employees of the company of the owner, if a Doberman is respected. His appearance - the medium body size, short coat, as well as cleanliness and neatness always makes Doberman a perfect dog for the house, but only in his "lightened" form as he is more easy to manage. All this is allowing the Doberman to win his current popularity.

 You should not assume that all Dobermans have the same gentle nature, so for all prospective owners of this dog it would be prudent to explore his ancestry and meet with the parents of puppies or grown dogs before buying a puppy. In general, modern breeders have done a good job creating a good character of the dog in the process of the selection. There is still a small percentage of shy and aggressive Dobermans, but fortunately, their number decreases. At this stage you will need some help of a reliable breeder or a specialist in this breed, so they may help you make better choices in your own particular situation. Once you get the pleasure of buying a Doberman Pincher with your desired character, you will immediately feel the pleasures of life.

If you are considering joining the ranks of the many happy Doberman owners, here are some tips about how to choose not only the right puppy, but also the right breeder, because it is the most important step that you have to do. Since we can not do it for you, we can only offer some advices that may help you to successfully start your activities in the field of raising up your own Doberman.

If possible, go and choose a puppy by yourself, even if it means that you have to go far away. This will allow you to not only meet with the breeder who offers you a puppy, but also to see the living conditions of your  future pup. Of course, do not forget to pre-arrange a meeting, since people who are breeding dogs are quite busy and they always have lots of visitors.

Health problems: Some Dobermans are prone to hip dysplasia, allergies and some heart problems.

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